pydbm.rnn package¶
Submodules¶
pydbm.rnn.encoder_decoder_controller module¶

class
pydbm.rnn.encoder_decoder_controller.
EncoderDecoderController
¶ Bases:
object
Encoder/Decoder based on LSTM networks.
This library provides Encoder/Decoder based on LSTM, which is a reconstruction model and makes it possible to extract series features embedded in deeper layers. The LSTM encoder learns a fixed length vector of timeseries observed data points and the LSTM decoder uses this representation to reconstruct the timeseries using the current hidden state and the value inferenced at the previous timestep.
One interesting application example is the Encoder/Decoder for Anomaly Detection (EncDecAD) paradigm (Malhotra, P., et al. 2016). This reconstruction model learns to reconstruct normal timeseries behavior, and thereafter uses reconstruction error to detect anomalies. Malhotra, P., et al. (2016) showed that EncDecAD paradigm is robust and can detect anomalies from predictable, unpredictable, periodic, aperiodic, and quasiperiodic timeseries. Further, they showed that the paradigm is able to detect anomalies from short timeseries (length as small as 30) as well as long timeseries (length as large as 500).
References
 https://github.com/chimera0/accelbraincode/blob/master/DeepLearningbymeansofDesignPattern/demo/demo_sine_wave_prediction_by_LSTM_encoder_decoder.ipynb
 https://github.com/chimera0/accelbraincode/blob/master/DeepLearningbymeansofDesignPattern/demo/demo_anomaly_detection_by_enc_dec_ad.ipynb
 Cho, K., Van Merriënboer, B., Gulcehre, C., Bahdanau, D., Bougares, F., Schwenk, H., & Bengio, Y. (2014). Learning phrase representations using RNN encoderdecoder for statistical machine translation. arXiv preprint arXiv:1406.1078.
 Malhotra, P., Ramakrishnan, A., Anand, G., Vig, L., Agarwal, P., & Shroff, G. (2016). LSTMbased encoderdecoder for multisensor anomaly detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1607.00148.

back_propagation
¶ Back propagation.
Parameters: delta_output_arr – Delta. Returns: Tuple data.  decoder’s list of gradations,  encoder’s np.ndarray of Delta,  encoder’s list of gradations.

computable_loss
¶ getter

decoder
¶ getter

encoder
¶ getter

get_computable_loss
¶ getter

get_decoder
¶ getter

get_encoder
¶ getter

get_feature_points
¶ Extract the activities in hidden layer and reset it, considering this method will be called per one cycle in instances of timeseries.
Returns: The array like or sparse matrix of feature points.

get_reconstruction_error
¶ Extract the reconstructed error in inferencing.
Returns: The array like or sparse matrix of reconstruction error.

get_verificatable_result
¶ getter

inference
¶ Inference the feature points to reconstruct the timeseries.
Override.
Parameters:  observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data ponts.
 hidden_activity_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the state in hidden layer.
 cec_activity_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the state in RNN.
Returns: Tuple data.  Array like or sparse matrix of reconstructed instances of timeseries,  Array like or sparse matrix of the state in hidden layer,  Array like or sparse matrix of the state in RNN.

learn
¶ Learn the observed data points for vector representation of the input timeseries.
Override.
Parameters:  observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data ponts.
 target_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the target data points. To learn as Autoencoder, this value must be None or equivalent to observed_arr.

learn_generated
¶ Learn features generated by FeatureGenerator.
Parameters: feature_generator – isa FeatureGenerator.

load_pre_learned_params
¶ Load prelearned parameters.
If you want to load prelearned parameters simultaneously with stacked graphs, call method stack_graph and setup the graphs before calling this method.
Parameters: dir_path – Dir path.

optimize
¶ Back propagation.
Parameters:  decoder_grads_list – decoder’s list of graduations.
 encoder_grads_list – encoder’s list of graduations.
 learning_rate – Learning rate.
 epoch – Now epoch.

save_pre_learned_params
¶ Save prelearned parameters.
Parameters: dir_path – Path of dir. If None, the file is saved in the current directory.

set_computable_loss
¶ setter

set_readonly
¶ setter

set_verificatable_result
¶ setter

verificatable_result
¶ getter
pydbm.rnn.facade_attention_encoder_decoder module¶

class
pydbm.rnn.facade_attention_encoder_decoder.
FacadeAttentionEncoderDecoder
¶ Bases:
object
Facade for casual user of Encoder/Decoder based on LSTM networks with an Attention mechanism.
This library provides Encoder/Decoder based on LSTM with an Attention mechanism, which is a reconstruction model and makes it possible to extract series features embedded in deeper layers. The LSTM encoder learns a fixed length vector of timeseries observed data points and the LSTM decoder uses this representation to reconstruct the timeseries using the current hidden state and the value inferenced at the previous timestep.
One interesting application example is the Encoder/Decoder for Anomaly Detection (EncDecAD) paradigm (Malhotra, P., et al. 2016). This reconstruction model learns to reconstruct normal timeseries behavior, and thereafter uses reconstruction error to detect anomalies. Malhotra, P., et al. (2016) showed that EncDecAD paradigm is robust and can detect anomalies from predictable, unpredictable, periodic, aperiodic, and quasiperiodic timeseries. Further, they showed that the paradigm is able to detect anomalies from short timeseries (length as small as 30) as well as long timeseries (length as large as 500).
References
 Bahdanau, D., Cho, K., & Bengio, Y. (2014). Neural machine translation by jointly learning to align and translate. arXiv preprint arXiv:1409.0473.
 Vaswani, A., Shazeer, N., Parmar, N., Uszkoreit, J., Jones, L., Gomez, A. N., … & Polosukhin, I. (2017). Attention is all you need. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (pp. 59986008).

get_feature_points
¶ Extract the activities in hidden layer and reset it, considering this method will be called per one cycle in instances of timeseries.
Returns: The array like or sparse matrix of feature points.

get_reconstruction_error
¶ Extract the reconstructed error in inferencing.
Returns: The array like or sparse matrix of reconstruction error.

infernece
¶ Inference the feature points to reconstruct the timeseries.
Parameters:  observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data ponts.
 hidden_activity_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the state in hidden layer.
 cec_activity_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the state in RNN.
Returns: Tuple data.  Array like or sparse matrix of reconstructed instances of timeseries,  Array like or sparse matrix of the state in hidden layer,  Array like or sparse matrix of the state in RNN.

learn
¶ Learn the observed data points for vector representation of the input timeseries.
Parameters:  observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data ponts.
 target_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the target data points. To learn as Autoencoder, this value must be None or equivalent to observed_arr.

save_pre_learned_params
¶ Save prelearned parameters.
Parameters:  encoder_file_path – File path.
 decoder_file_path – File path.
pydbm.rnn.facade_encoder_decoder module¶

class
pydbm.rnn.facade_encoder_decoder.
FacadeEncoderDecoder
¶ Bases:
object
Facade for casual user of Encoder/Decoder based on LSTM networks.
This library provides Encoder/Decoder based on LSTM, which is a reconstruction model and makes it possible to extract series features embedded in deeper layers. The LSTM encoder learns a fixed length vector of timeseries observed data points and the LSTM decoder uses this representation to reconstruct the timeseries using the current hidden state and the value inferenced at the previous timestep.
One interesting application example is the Encoder/Decoder for Anomaly Detection (EncDecAD) paradigm (Malhotra, P., et al. 2016). This reconstruction model learns to reconstruct normal timeseries behavior, and thereafter uses reconstruction error to detect anomalies. Malhotra, P., et al. (2016) showed that EncDecAD paradigm is robust and can detect anomalies from predictable, unpredictable, periodic, aperiodic, and quasiperiodic timeseries. Further, they showed that the paradigm is able to detect anomalies from short timeseries (length as small as 30) as well as long timeseries (length as large as 500).
References
 https://github.com/chimera0/accelbraincode/blob/master/DeepLearningbymeansofDesignPattern/demo/demo_sine_wave_prediction_by_LSTM_encoder_decoder.ipynb
 https://github.com/chimera0/accelbraincode/blob/master/DeepLearningbymeansofDesignPattern/demo/demo_anomaly_detection_by_enc_dec_ad.ipynb
 Cho, K., Van Merriënboer, B., Gulcehre, C., Bahdanau, D., Bougares, F., Schwenk, H., & Bengio, Y. (2014). Learning phrase representations using RNN encoderdecoder for statistical machine translation. arXiv preprint arXiv:1406.1078.
 Malhotra, P., Ramakrishnan, A., Anand, G., Vig, L., Agarwal, P., & Shroff, G. (2016). LSTMbased encoderdecoder for multisensor anomaly detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1607.00148.

get_feature_points
¶ Extract the activities in hidden layer and reset it, considering this method will be called per one cycle in instances of timeseries.
Returns: The array like or sparse matrix of feature points.

get_reconstruction_error
¶ Extract the reconstructed error in inferencing.
Returns: The array like or sparse matrix of reconstruction error.

infernece
¶ Inference the feature points to reconstruct the timeseries.
Parameters:  observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data ponts.
 hidden_activity_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the state in hidden layer.
 cec_activity_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the state in RNN.
Returns: Tuple data.  Array like or sparse matrix of reconstructed instances of timeseries,  Array like or sparse matrix of the state in hidden layer,  Array like or sparse matrix of the state in RNN.

learn
¶ Learn the observed data points for vector representation of the input timeseries.
Parameters:  observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data ponts.
 target_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the target data points. To learn as Autoencoder, this value must be None or equivalent to observed_arr.

save_pre_learned_params
¶ Save prelearned parameters.
Parameters:  encoder_file_path – File path.
 decoder_file_path – File path.
pydbm.rnn.lstm_model module¶

class
pydbm.rnn.lstm_model.
LSTMModel
¶ Bases:
pydbm.rnn.interface.reconstructable_model.ReconstructableModel
Long short term memory(LSTM) networks.
Originally, Long ShortTerm Memory(LSTM) networks as a special RNN structure has proven stable and powerful for modeling longrange dependencies.
The Key point of structural expansion is its memory cell which essentially acts as an accumulator of the state information. Every time observed data points are given as new information and input to LSTM’s input gate, its information will be accumulated to the cell if the input gate is activated. The past state of cell could be forgotten in this process if LSTM’s forget gate is on. Whether the latest cell output will be propagated to the final state is further controlled by the output gate.
References
 Cho, K., Van Merriënboer, B., Gulcehre, C., Bahdanau, D., Bougares, F., Schwenk, H., & Bengio, Y. (2014). Learning phrase representations using RNN encoderdecoder for statistical machine translation. arXiv preprint arXiv:1406.1078.
 Malhotra, P., Ramakrishnan, A., Anand, G., Vig, L., Agarwal, P., & Shroff, G. (2016). LSTMbased encoderdecoder for multisensor anomaly detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1607.00148.
 Zaremba, W., Sutskever, I., & Vinyals, O. (2014). Recurrent neural network regularization. arXiv preprint arXiv:1409.2329.

back_propagation
()¶ Back propagation.
Parameters:  pred_arr – np.ndarray of predicted data points.
 delta_output_arr – Delta.
Returns: Tuple data.  np.ndarray of Delta,  list of gradations

forward_propagation
()¶ Forward propagation.
Parameters: batch_observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data points. Returns: Array like or sparse matrix as the predicted data points.

get_feature_points
()¶ Extract the activities in hidden layer and reset it, considering this method will be called per one cycle in instances of timeseries.
Returns: The list of array like or sparse matrix of feature points or virtual visible observed data points.

get_graph
()¶ getter

get_opt_params
()¶ getter

get_verificatable_result
()¶ getter

graph
¶ getter
Back propagation in hidden layer.
Parameters: delta_output_arr – Delta. Returns: Tuple data.  np.ndarray of Delta in observed data points,  np.ndarray of Delta in hidden units,  list of gradations.
Forward propagation in LSTM gate.
Parameters: observed_arr – np.ndarray of observed data points. Returns: Predicted data points.

inference
()¶ Inference the feature points to reconstruct the timeseries.
Override.
Parameters:  observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data points.
 hidden_activity_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the state in hidden layer.
 cec_activity_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the state in the constant error carousel.
Returns: Tuple data.  Array like or sparse matrix of reconstructed instances of timeseries,  Array like or sparse matrix of the state in hidden layer,  Array like or sparse matrix of the state in RNN.

learn
()¶ Learn the observed data points for vector representation of the input timeseries.
Override.
Parameters:  observed_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the observed data points. The shape is: (batch size, the length of sequences, feature points)
 target_arr – Array like or sparse matrix as the target data points. To learn as Autoencoder, this value must be None or equivalent to observed_arr. The shape is: (batch size, labeled data)

load_pre_learned_params
()¶ Load prelearned parameters.
Parameters:  dir_name – Path of dir. If None, the file is saved in the current directory.
 file_name – File name.

lstm_backward
()¶ Back propagation in LSTM gate.
Parameters:  delta_hidden_arr – Delta from output layer to hidden layer.
 delta_cec_arr – Delta in LSTM gate.
 cycle – Now cycle or time.
Returns: Tuple data.  Delta from hidden layer to input layer,  Delta in hidden layer at previous time,  Delta in LSTM gate at previous time,  list of gradations.

opt_params
¶ getter

optimize
()¶ Optimization.
Parameters:  grads_list – list of graduations.
 learning_rate – Learning rate.
 epoch – Now epoch.

output_back_propagate
()¶ Back propagation in output layer.
Parameters:  pred_arr – np.ndarray of predicted data points.
 delta_output_arr – Delta.
Returns: Tuple data.  np.ndarray of Delta,  list of gradations.

output_forward_propagate
()¶ Forward propagation in output layer.
Parameters: pred_arr – np.ndarray of predicted data points. Returns: np.ndarray of propagated data points.

save_pre_learned_params
()¶ Save prelearned parameters.
Parameters:  dir_name – Path of dir. If None, the file is saved in the current directory.
 file_name – File name.

set_graph
()¶ setter

set_opt_params
()¶ setter

set_verificatable_result
()¶ setter

verificatable_result
¶ getter